The full Very Important Pharmacogene (VIP) review can also be viewed on the PharmGKB website. In addition to discussing the pharmacogenetics of MT-RNR1, it also provides a brief overview of the mitochondrial genetic system as well as the anatomy of the ear and types of hearing loss.
Friday, November 18, 2016
The PharmGKB review of the MT-RNR1 gene has been published in the December issue of Pharmacogenetics and Genomics. MT-RNR1 is a mitochondrial gene that codes for ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Variations within this gene, particularly rs267606617 (1555A>G), are strongly associated with the development of hearing loss following administration of aminoglycoside antibiotics. Indeed, over 40 studies have found that 100% of individuals with the G allele at this variant developed hearing loss after receiving aminoglycosides, a class of antibiotics that includes streptomycin and gentamicin, among others. Several other variations in this gene are also associated with hearing loss following aminoglycoside treatment.